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Pazyryk Carpet PDF Print E-mail

The conventional wisdom in rug scholarship dictates that the Pazyryk Carpet was made in the near East and and somehow made it's way to a burial mound in the Altai mountains of Siberia. The Pazyryk Carpet was found with a number of other textiles mostly felts. The conventional wisdom is that on stylistic grounds as well as distribution and frequency of discovery in this and other kurgen the felts are local. Obviously the cruder felts which reflect so much of what we se in the local metal work were obviously local. The Pazyryk Carpet on the other hand shares a design motif that we see in Persian and Assyrian architecture was far to sophisticated to be local. Now everything changes. On the basis of an article in Ghereh by Harald Bohmer we must reexamine the whole Pazyryk Carpet issue.
In the Ghereh article Bohmer drops a major bombshell and it explodes virtually unheard. Bohmer released his findings that the same dye was used in the felts as was used in the Pazyryk Carpet. What this tells us is that the Pazyryk Carpet and the felts were both made in the same place. That being so now the origin of the Pazyryk Carpet must be reexamined.

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Qum Silk PDF Print E-mail

Qum carpets are among the finest in the world. Although it does not boast a long and ancient history, Qum, south of Tehran, creates exceptional works of art, frequently entirely in pure silk. The carpet industry of this city is incredibly modern, producing quality which is extraordinary. Prices tend to be very high, reflecting superb quality of materials, design and execution. Syles and patterns vary tremendously, as this city usually recreates ancient historical patterns from many other noble sources. Most respected are hunting scenes or other pictorials, not to mention the brilliant medallions and borders of unbelievable finesse.

 
SOUMAK PDF Print E-mail

SOUMAK is a comparatively rare type of KELIM, deriving its name from the old town of SHEMAKJA (Republic of Azerbaijan). SOUMAK is NOT a KELIM. However, both have flat-woven style. SOUMAK has embroidered and its embroidery threads are not cut off at the back. SOUMAK has a shaggy, erratic collection of loose ends or strands of wool. The wefts strands (serving a decorative role rather than the structural role of knotted carpets) are threaded through a number of warp strands and then looped back.
All SOUMAK have geometric pattern with many tribal motifs all around. Usually the motifs are small birds. SOUMAK's are excellent with contemporary, traditional and modern decors.

 
Isfahan PDF Print E-mail

The Iranian city of Isfahan (also spelt Esfahan) has long been one of the centres for production of the famous Persian Rug.

Weaving in Isfahan flourished in the Safavid era. But when the Afghans invaded Iran, ending the Safavid dynasty, the craft also became stagnant.

Not until 1920s, between two world wars, was weaving again taken seriously by the people of Isfahan. They started to weave Safavid designs and once again became one of the most important nexus of the Iranian rug weaving industry. Isfahani carpets today are among the most wanted in world markets, having many customers in western countries.

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Heriz PDF Print E-mail

A Heris Rug is a type of Persian rug from the area of Heris in northwest Iran northeast of Tabriz. The Heris Rug is produced in the villages of the slopes of Mount Sabalan. It is an extremely durable hard-wearing rug and the Heris rug has now passed Bijar Rugs as the Iron Rug of Iran. Heris are thick, tough, and often inexpensive rugs that appeal strongly to the US market. Part of the reason for the toughness of Heris carpets is that Mount Sabalan is sitting on a major deposit of Copper. Trace copper in the drinking water of the sheep produces high quality wool. The copper makes the wool stronger and far more resilient than wool from other areas.

Heris rugs include rugs from the towns of Ahar, Heris, Mehraban, Sarab, Serapi, Bakhshaish, and Gorevan.

Heris rugs are of coarse construction. The rugs range from 30 KPSI on the low end to 100 - 110 KPSI on the high end. It is rare to see a rug over 100 kpsi that would look like an authentic Heris unless it is an antique silk Heriz.

 
Nain PDF Print E-mail

Nain rugs are constructed using the Persian knot and can be between 300 and 700 knots per inch. The pile is usually very high quality wool, clipped short and silk is most usually used as highlighting for parts of the detailing in the design. Some pieces are made entirely of silk. Nain rugs are often made in the areas surrounding the Nain town, not necessarily the town itself. Nains utilize the Shah Abbas design and make use of flowing design such as flowers and tendrils.

Nain is a small town in the centre of Iran, very close to the famous city of Esfahan. Previous to the beginning of the 20th Century, it was well known for producing high quality handmade woollen cloth. However due to a decline in that business the town commissioned weavers from Esfahan to create hand knotted rugs, that link is still obvious when looking at a Nain rug today, but they do exhibit a style of their own, using often highlightings of blue with cream or ivory backgrounds. Depending on fineness the warp and weft will be either silk or cotton. Most usually cotton is employed, with varying levels of ply referred to as "la", with the lower numbers meaning finer quality.

 

 
Tabriz PDF Print E-mail

A Tabriz rug/carpet is a type of Persian rug from the area of Tabriz. Tabriz is one of the major cities of Iran, and the capital city of East Azarbaijan Province of Iran.Most of its population are Azerbaijanis. It is one of the oldest rug weaving centers and makes a huge diversity of types of carpets. The range starts at Bazaar quality of 24 raj (Number of knots per length of 7cm of the widths of the rug) and on up to the incredibly fine 110 raj. Raj are the units of knot density (it showes the finess of the rug which based on the number of strings used for the fundation of the rug. Strigs materials are usualy made of cotton or silk which is used for very fine rugs). This method used primarily in Iran typically for Tabriz Rugs. However, Raj has been known as a point in reference for other carpets as well. It is originally believed that this unit of measure was derived from comparing the length of one standard rolled cigarette to the knots on the reverse of a rug.

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